S V E N S M A R K     C O N F I R M E D     ?

Close passages of coronal mass ejections from the sun are signaled at the Earth's surface by Forbush decreases in cosmic ray counts. We find that low clouds contain less liquid water following Forbush decreases, and for the most influential events the liquid water in the oceanic atmosphere can diminish by as much as 7%. Cloud water content as gauged by the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) reaches a minimum ≈7 days after the Forbush minimum in cosmic rays, and so does the fraction of low clouds seen by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and in the International Satellite Cloud Climate Project (ISCCP). http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2009/2009GL038429.shtml

Henrik Svensmark GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 36 published 1 August 2009.


Possibility: Initial proton impact temporarily increases cloudiness (graph to the left), followed by the Forbush decrease in cosmic rays, subsequently reduces cloud formation with a delay of few days (graph to the right).

Effect from the Forbush decrease lasts only few days and would not have much effect. Clouds reduction in day-time increases insolation, but at the night time effect on temperatures is reversed  due to more cooling, the net result on the '24hour day'  temperature scale could be minimal.  Note: cloudiness at night is 2-5% higher than at the day time.

Data: http://www.vukcevic.talktalk.net/data.txt

Ap max - http://www.solen.info/solar/indices.html

Cloud fraction - http://gdata1.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/daac-bin/G3/gui.cgi?instance_id=MODIS_DAILY_L3

GCR count - http://cr0.izmiran.rssi.ru/mosc/main.htm


More charts can be found here: Graphs and Formulae

© m.a. vukcevic