NORTH ATLANTIC CLIMATE OUTLOOK
10 - 12 year outlook:
- Pressure gradient between the subtropical Azores high and the Icelandic low is reduced, weakening the Westerlies over the North Atlantic Ocean.
- Negative NAO winters have fewer winter storms that are generally weaker and follow a more easterly route.
- Winter along the eastern coast of the United States is cold
- Northern Europe is cold and dry
- Mediterranean winter is warm and wet
- North East Canada winter is relatively mild.
North Atlantic may be a good guide to the future.
There are good data for the most parameters since 1950/60.
- Strength of the N. Atlantic's currents index NAP (developed by M. A. Vukcevic) is on a decadal down-slope
- the N. Atlantic pressure differential (NAO) has parted the way some 10 years ago
- the Sea Surface Temperature (AMO) is still holding the line.
More charts can be found here: Graphs and Formulae