North Atlantic Oscillations - I
An overview of the AMO (SST)-NAO data embedded relationship
Full text (13 page document pdf file ) at:
Global importance of the AMO is underlined by the recent Berkeley Earth Project:
We find that the strongest cross-correlation of the decadal fluctuations in ( global ) land surface temperature is not with ENSO but with the AMO.
Put in the most simplistic terms: the AMO is a delayed response to the driver of the semi-permanent low atmospheric pressure system over Iceland (measured at Reykjavik / Stykkisholmur) as graphically shown here:
Full text (pdf) at: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/64/12/35/PDF/NorthAtlanticOscillations-I.pdf